Learn about how to interact with Posts using WPGraphQL
Posts are at the heart of WordPress. On this page, we'll take a look at various ways to interact with Posts using WPGraphQL.
WPGraphQL comes with RootQuery fields built-in to query Post data. You can query for lists of posts, or individual posts. Below, we'll look at some common examples for querying for Posts.
In this example, we query a list of Post nodes. By default, WPGraphQL will return 10 items.GraphiQL Loading...
In many cases, exactly 10 posts won't be what you need for your application. So we can use arguments
posts field to declare how many items we want.
Here we're using the
first argument to declare that we want the first 5 posts.
You can adjust the number of items as well. Here we'll ask for just 1 Post:GraphiQL Loading...
Post connections can be further filtered by using
The args available are largely similar to what's available (and end up mapping to) to the underlying WP_Query. We'll look at a few quick examples, but it's probably best for you to spend some time exploring the Schema Docs to see what options are available.
Also, keep in mind that the entire WPGraphQL Schema is filterable should you need to extend the Schema and provide custom arguments for your applications needs.
- Here's an example of using the
whereargument to pass in a
DateQueryto specify a specific date for which to grab posts for
- Here's an example of using the
whereargument to find a post with a specific title:
When querying a list of nodes (Posts), it's common to need to paginate to fetch more items. The Schema exposes some helpful fields we can ask for to know if there are more items to fetch.
Fields that are helpful for knowing if there are more items to paginate:
- pageInfo.hasNextPage: Whether there are more items going forward
- pageInfo.hasPreviousPage: Whether there are more items going backward
- pageInfo.endCursor: The cursor for the last item in the list
- pageInfo.startCursor: The cursor for the first item in the list
The arguments used for pagination are:
- first: The number of items to fetch. To be used along with
afterfor forward pagination.
- after: The cursor to reference where to fetch from. To be used along with
firstfor forward pagination.
- last: The number of items to fetch. To be used along with
beforefor backward pagination.
- before: The cursor to reference where to fetch from. To be used along with
lastfor backward pagination.
Here is an example of asking for
pageInfo fields to see if there are more items in the list of
You can see that we ask for the field
pageInfo, and on that we ask for
hasNextPage field will be either
false, and the
endCursor will be an opaque
string that acts as a reference to the last node returned in the query.
The cursor can then be used as an argument in a follow-up query, to ask for posts
after that point
in the dataset.
We can use the
first argument to declare how many items we want from the "front" of the dataset.
In this case, we're telling WPGraphQL we want the first 5 most recent posts.
In the response, we see that
hasNextPage responds with
true, meaning there are more posts, and
we can use the
endCursor to ask for the posts
after the last item in this list.
after argument is to be used in conjunction with the
first argument for pagination purposes.
When querying for a list of posts, it's common to need to paginate. When we ask for the first
posts, there's a good chance we'll want to ask for the first
10 posts after the final post in
We can use the
last argument to declare how many items we want from the "back" of the dataset. In
this case, we're telling WPGraphQL we want the last 5 (oldest) posts.
At the bottom of the list will be the oldest item in the dataset. The top item in the list will be the newest of the 5 displayed (because we're going backward here).GraphiQL Loading...
So, we can see that
hasPreviousPage is set to true, which means we have more items
We can take the
startCursor and use that as the value of our next query as our
Here, we take the
startCursor from our previous query, and use it as the value for our
So, what we're saying is that we want
5 more items before the
startCursor in our previous query.
As long as
hasPreviousPage returns true, that means we have more data that we can paginate through.
If we know the ID of a Post, we can query for the post individually like so:GraphiQL Loading...
Sometimes you need to query an individual Post, but you don't have the ID. There are a few other
ways to get an individual Post, but using the
Here's an example of getting a post by it's URI.GraphiQL Loading...
Here's an example of getting a post by it's database ID.GraphiQL Loading...
In this section, we'll look at various ways to mutate Posts.
This is an example of a mutation to create a Post.
There are two required input fields to create a post,
Here you can see that we define our input variable to be of the type
By defining our input in this way, it allows for flexibility for the input variables. Whatever we
input will validate against the shape of the
CreatePostInput! Type. This means any of the
input fields will need to be required, but any of the other fields are optional, but have to be of
the specified Type defined in the Schema.
Below is an example mutation to update a post. For this, we must know the ID of the Post.GraphiQL Loading...
Below is an example mutation to delete a post. For this, we must know the ID of the Post.GraphiQL Loading...